Massip i Bastardas (eds.): Complèxica. Cervell, societat i llengua des de la transdisciplinarietat

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complexicaMassip, À. i Bastardas, A. (eds.): COMPLÈXICA. Cervell, societat i llengua des de la transdisciplinarietat, Barcelona: Publicacions de la Universitat de Barcelona, 2015.

El triangle llengua-comunicació-societat emmarca els fenòmens més característics del pla sociohumà i, per avançar en el coneixement del seu funcionament, cal desafiar les aproximacions tradicionals i les més formalitzadores a favor d’enfocaments complèxics, transdisciplinaris i qualitatius integrats.

Atesa la gran diversitat cognitiva i cultural dels humans, com també de les seves especificitats emocionals i comportamentals, tenim el repte d’intentar construir un cos teòric i metodològic adequat a les propietats característiques dels fenòmens humans per avançar cap a una sociocomplexitat cognitivoemotiva.

Aquest volum vol posar en relació el cervell, la societat i la llengua, tres sistemes complexos adaptatius íntimament imbricats que són a la base de la comunicació humana. La principal aportació de l’obra rau en el fet que els autors aborden diverses temàtiques des d’una visió holística i complèxica emfasitzant les interrelacions i els fenòmens emergents.

Achugar: Discursive Processes of Intergenerational Transmission of Recent History. (Re)making Our Past

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Achugar 2016Achugar, M.: Discursive Processes of Intergenerational Transmission of Recent History. (Re)making Our Past, Palgrave Macmillan, 2016.

Debates about how to remember politically contested or painful pasts exist throughout the world. As with the case of the Holocaust in Europe and Apartheid in South Africa, South American countries are struggling with the legacy of state terrorism left by the 1970s dictatorships. Coming to terms with the past entails understanding the role different social actors played in those events as well as what those event mean for us today. Young people in these situations have to learn about painful historical events over which there is no national consensus.

This book explores discursive processes of intergenerational transmission of recent history through the case of the Uruguayan dictatorship. The main themes of the book are the discursive construction of social memory and intergenerational transmission of contested pasts through recontextualization, resemiotization and intertextuality.

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García Agustín: Sociology of Discourse. From institutions to social change

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dapsac 61 hbGarcía Agustín, Óscar: Sociology of Discourse. From institutions to social change. John Benjamins. 2015 [Discourse Approaches to Politics, Society and Culture, 61]
DOI: 10.1075/dapsac.61

Sociology of Discourse takes the perspective that collective actors like social movements are capable of creating social change from below by creating new institutions through alternative discourses. Institutionalization becomes a process of moving away from existing institutions towards creating new ones. While discourses entail openness and enable the questioning of what is instituted, institutions offer continuity and stability to social mobilizations. This dual movement of openness and stabilization explains how social struggles ensure their continuity, without completely assuming the logic of the dominant order. The book proposes an analytical model of social change, which is unfolded through three intertwined areas: discourse, communication, and institution. Collective experiences of social change, from the anti-globalization movement to Occupy, illustrate the main theoretical points and concepts. Through the example of the Platform for People Affected by Mortgages, the book concludes by analyzing how social change from below is possible.

Table of Contents
Sociology of discourse
Chapter 1. Social change
Chapter 2. Discourse
Chapter 3. Communication
Chapter 4. Institutions
Chapter 5. “Yes, We Can”: The platform for people affected by mortgages in Spain

Briziarelli & Martínez Guillem: Reviving Gramsci. Crisis, Communication, and Change

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RevivingGramsciBriziarelli, M. & Martínez Guillem, S.: Reviving Gramsci. Crisis, Communication, and Change, Routledge, 2016.

Engaging debates within cultural studies, media and communication studies, and critical theory, this book addresses whether Gramscian thought continues to be relevant for social and cultural analysis, in particular when examining times of crisis and social change. The book is motivated by two intertwined but distinct purposes: first, to show the privileged and fruitful link between a "Gramscian Theory of Communication" and a "Communicative Theory of Gramsci;" second, to explore the ways in which such a Gramscian perspective can help us interpret and explain different forms of political activism in the twenty-first century, such as "Occupy" in the US, "Indignados" in Spain, or "Movimento Cinque Stelle" in Italy.

Table of Contents

1. Gramsci in/for Critical Times
2. Selective Gramsci(s)
3. Gramsci and Communication: Dialectics and Translation
4. Occupy Wall Street: The Limits of War of Position
5. Movimento Cinque Stelle: Dialectics of Passive Revolution
6. From Indignados to Podemos: Sublating Vernacular Rhetoric into National Popular Rhetoric
7. A Dialectical Image

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García Agustín & Bak Jørgensen (eds.): Solidarity without Borders. Gramscian Perspectives on Migration and Civil Society

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Solidarity BordersÓ. García Agustín and M. Bak Jørgensen (Eds.): Solidarity without Borders. Gramscian Perspectives on Migration and Civil Society Solidarity without Borders, The University of Chicago Press.

Solidarity without Borders examines the politics of migration at the ground-level, considering migrants not as an issue to be solved but as individual political agents, exploring the possibilities raised by alliances between migrants and trade unions, worker organizations, and other constituencies. Applying Gramsci’s theories of modern resistance and taking up the Gezi Park Protests in Turkey, social movements in Ireland, and the Lampedusan Libyan migrant group as case studies, Solidarity without Borders demonstrates how new solidarity relations are shaped and how these may construct a new common ground for developing political alternatives.

Rubdy & Ben Said: Conflict, Exclusion and Dissent in the Linguistic Landscape

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rubdy bensaidRubdy, Rani & Ben Said, Selim (eds.). Conflict, Exclusion and Dissent in the Linguistic Landscape, Palgrave Macmillan.

This book focuses on the linguistic landscape as a site of conflict, exclusion, and dissent arising from mechanisms of language policy, language politics and language hierarchies. It examines the way language can be used in particular ideologies to marginalize and conceal other language and as a vehicle for social contestation, impacting local communities as well as the vitality of certain sociolinguistic groups.

The chapters engage with exclusion, covering broad socio-historical, economic, political and ideological issues that go much beyond language dimensions, such as the Occupy movement and the Arab Spring. The case studies highlight the role of the linguistic landscape where words and images can demonstrate the tension between the dominance of global capitalism and the grassroots reactions of local communities contending for visibility, social justice and economic and political survival. The book argues that concern with this aspect of the linguistic landscape helps forge links between landscape, identity, social order and power.

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