Seminario 5 - Discurso y sociedad

Sánchez Moya, Alfonso - When he first hit me': exploring social actor representation of male perpetrators in the discourse of women victims of domestic violence

Publicado en Seminario 5 - Discurso y sociedad

Autoría Sánchez Moya, Alfonso  (Universidad Complutense de Madrid)
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Título 'When he first hit me': exploring social actor representation of male perpetrators in the discourse of women victims of domestic violence
Sección Seminario 5 - Discurso y sociedad
Resumen Although domestic violence was identified as a social problem back in the 1980s, it is still a major concern in contemporary societies. Despite the major awareness and concerns around it, domestic violence is still widespread in many areas of the world (Benagiano, 2013). Broadly speaking, the Council of Europe (2002) has reported that one in four women experience domestic violence in their lifetime. This figure seems to be of paramount importance in the UK, where domestic violence accounts for 16 per cent of all recorded violent crime (Dodd et al., 2004) and where 45 per cent of women experience at least one such incident related in their life (Walby & Allen, 2004). More recent figures suggest that this problem is far from improving (Topping, 2013). This topic is remarkably under-researched from a critical discourse analysis (CDA) perspective, especially the kind of studies that focus on the micro-textual level of discourse.  Considering that CDA is concerned with the analysis of linguistic aspects of social problems and processes (Fairclough & Wodak, 2010), I aim to address this social issue by exploring the discourse of women victims of domestic violence from a micro-textual perspective. Using a dataset of six interviews with women victims, I examine their discourse in the light of van Leeuwen’s Social Actors Approach (2008), a method of CDA typically used to investigate the micro-textual level of discourse. For the purposes of this conference, I concentrate on the way men perpetrators are represented as SAs in these women’s discourse. Findings show the most common linguistic realisations of men perpetrators as SAs in these six women’s spoken reported experiences of domestic violence. Additionally, I conclude by connecting these linguistic realisations in the micro-textual level with research in the macro-level of abused women’s discourse (Boonzaier, 2008; Baly, 2010). || References: Baly, A. R. (2010). Leaving abusive relationships: Constructions of self and situation by abused women. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 25(12), 2297-2315. DOI: 10.1177/0886260509354885 || Benagiano, G. (2013). Intimate partner violence: an evil we must eradicate. International Journal of Gynecology & Obstetrics, 120(1), 1-2. DOI: 10.1016/j.ijgo.2012.08.006 || Boonzaier, F. (2008). 'If the man says you must sit, then you must sit.’ The relational construction of woman abuse: Gender, subjectivity and violence. Feminism & Psychology, 18(2), 183-206. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0959353507088266 || Council of Europe. (2002). Recommendation Rec(2002)5 of the Committee of Ministers to member States on the protection of women against violence. Adopted on 30 April 2002 and Explanatory Memorandum. Strasbourg, France, Council of Europe. Retrieved from https://wcd.coe.int/ViewDoc.jsp?id=280915 || Dodd, T., Nicholas, S., Povey, D., & Walker, A. (2004). Crime in England and Wales 2003-2004. London: Home Office. || Fairclough, N. & Wodak, R. (2010). Critical Discourse Analysis in action. In C. Coffin, T. Lillis & K. O’Halloran (Eds.), Applied linguistics methods: A reader (pp.98-112). London: Routledge. || Topping, A. (2013, March 7). Domestic figures are disturbingly high, says charity. The Guardian. Retrieved from http://www.theguardian.com/society/2013/mar/07/domestic-violence-figures-citizens-advice || van Leeuwen, T. (2008). Discourse and practice: new tools for critical discourse analysis. Oxford: Oxford University Press. || Walby, S. & Allen, J. (2004). Domestic violence, sexual assault and stalking: findings from the British Crime Survey. Home Office: London.